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Shortage Occupations in Germany

Three years after announcing the opportunity to work and migrate to Germany for Skilled Worker (with completed Vocational Education and Training), the demand and shortage remains. Three reasons why.


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Shortage Occupations in Germany
Written by Crispin Aranda.
Updated March 29, 2016 | AustraliaIrelandUnited KingdomFrance

First, Germany's birthrate plummeted in the mid-1970s to about 1.4. mark. Since then, it has not gone to a level to an ideal replacement rate of 2.1 required to maintain stable population levels.

Second, life span has increased.  Germany like Europe has an increasing aging population that needs young workers to feed the pension mill.

Third, a strong industry needs increased recruitment of overseas skilled workers and specialists to keep Germany competitive.

SHORTAGE OCCUPATIONS FOR EMPLOYMENT AND RESIDENCY IN GERMANY

The Positive List (Shortage Occupations is shown below at end of article.

How to qualify

If your occupations is on the Positive List, you should know that a “binding job offer” from a German employer is required.  Then your training must be considered or recognized as the equivalent of a German certificate.

You may look for potential employers and – when positively considered- you may apply directly and be hired without a POEA licensed agency – as a direct or name hire. 

Be aware however, that the German employer must have the job offer - and other documents establishing the bona fide of the employer and employment verification – authenticated by the Philippine Overseas Labor Officer (POLO). Then you may present said documents to the POEA and apply for your work visa at the German Embassy in Manila.

LIST OF PROFESSIONS OR PROFESSIONAL GROUPS:

The first column is the Occupational Code followed by the description of the occupation and then the Qualification Level required for the specific occupation.

Type of occupation (classification of occupations 2010) Qualification level which specifies if the job is for a Specialist or a Skilled Worker. If you wish a PDF version, email us at cra@visacenter.org and please also indicate your mobile number to confirm your identity.

  • 24412 Metal construction, 2 – Skilled worker
  • 24413 Metal construction, 3 - Specialist
  • 24422 Welding and joining technology , 2 - Skilled worker
  • 24423 Welding and joining technology, 3 - Specialist
  • 24432 Industrial divers (m/f) etc.,  2 - Skilled worker
  • 24493 Supervision - Metal and welding technology 3 - Specialist
  • 26112 Mechatronics professions 2 - Skilled worker
  • 26113 Mechatronics professions 3 - Specialist
  • 26122 Automation technology professions 2 - Skilled worker
  • 26123 Automation technology professions 3 - Specialist
  • 26212 construction electronics professions 2 - Skilled worker
  • 26222 Electrical machine engineering professions 2 - Skilled worker
  • 26252 Electrical-industrial engineering professions 2 - Skilled worker
  • 26262 Pipe installation and maintenance professions 2 - Skilled worker
  • 26303 Professions in electrical engineering (no specialisation) 3 - Specialist
  • 26393 Supervision - electrical engineering 3 - Specialist
  • 32103 Building construction (no specialisation) * 3 - Specialist
  • 32113 Concrete and reinforced concrete construction * 3 - Specialist
  • 32123 Masonry * 3 - Specialist
  • 32193 Supervision - building construction * 3 - Specialist
  • 34202 Plumbing professions (without specialisation) 2 - Skilled worker
  • 34212 Sanitary, heating and air-conditioning technology professions 2 - Skilled worker
  • 34213 Sanitary, heating and air-conditioning technology professions 3 - Specialist
  • 34232 refrigeration technologyprofessions 2 - Skilled worker
  • 34293 Supervisors - plumbing, sanitation, heating, air conditioning 3 - Specialist
  • 43413 Software development * 3 - Specialist
  • 43423 Programming 3 - Specialist
  • 51113 Professions in technical railway operations 3 - Specialist
  • 51222 railwayinfrastructuremonitoringandmaintenanceprofessions 2 - Skilled worker
  • 51522 Professions monitoring railway traffic operations 2 - Skilled worker
  • 52202 Traction vehicle operator railway traffic 2 - Skilled worker
  • 81302 Health and nursing professions (without specialisation) 2 - Skilled worker
  • 81313 Specialist nursing professions 3 - Specialist
  • 81332 Surgical technology/medical technical assistance professions 2 - Skilled worker
  • 82102/82182 Elderly care professions 2 - Skilled worker
  • 82183 Professions in geriatric care 3 - Specialist
  • 82512 Professions in orthopedic, rehabilitation technology 2 - Skilled worker
  • 82532 Professions in hearing aid acoustics 2 - Skilled worker
  • 82513 Professions in orthopedic, rehabilitation technology 3 - Specialist
  • 82593 Master craftsperson for orthopedics, rehabilitation technology and hearing aid
  • 24412 Skilled worker (m/f) for metal technology - construction technology Training professions - dual
  • 24412 Skilled practitioner (m/f) for construction mechanics Training professions - rehab
  • 24412 Skilled practitioner (m/f) for metal construction Training professions - rehab
  • 24412 Construction mechanic (m/f) Training professions - dual
  • 24412 Metal worker (m/f) Training professions - dual
  • 24412 Metal worker (m/f) - construction technology Training professions - dual
  • 24412 Metal worker (m/f) - metal design Training professions - dual
  • 24413 Restorer (m/f) - metal construction trade Further education professions - others
  • 24413 Technician (m/f) - metal construction technology Further education professions - technician
  • 24413 Technician (m/f) - metal construction technology (building services, engineering), Further education professions - technician
  • 24413 Technician (m/f) - metal construction technology (light metal construction Further education professions - technician
  • 24413 Technician (m/f) - metal construction technology (no specialisation) Further education professions - technician
  • 24413 Technician (m/f) - metal construction technology (steel construction) Further education professions - technician
  • 24422 Autogenic welder (m/f) Professions with different paths of access
  • 24422 Torch welder (m/f) Professions with different paths of access
  • 24422 Electrical and metal inert gas welder (m/f) Training professions - rehab
  • 24422 Electrical welder (m/f) Professions with different paths of access
  • 24422 Solderer (m/f) Professions with different paths of access
  • 24422 Machine operator (m/f) - welding equipment Professions with different paths of access
  • 24422 Pipe welder (m/f) Professions with different paths of access
  • 24422 Welder (m/f) Training professions - others
  • 24422 Welder (m/f) - plant and equipment construction Professions with different paths of access
  • 24422 Welder (m/f) - vehicle construction Professions with different paths of access
  • 24422 Welder (m/f) - construction technology Professions with different paths of access
  • 24422 Welder (m/f) - shipbuilding Professions with different paths of access
  • 24422 Welder (m/f) - central heating and ventilation construction Professions with different paths of access
  • 24422 Welding worker (m/f) - gas metal arc welding Training professions - rehab
  • 24422 Welding worker (m/f) - arc welding Training professions - rehab
  • 24422 TIG welder (m/f) Training professions - rehab
  • 24423 Skilled welding worker (m/f) Further education professions - others
  • 24423 Welding technician (m/f) Further education professions - others
  • 24432 Diver (m/f) Further education professions - others
  • 24432 Underwater welder (m/f) Professions with different paths of access
  • 24493 Master craftsperson (m/f) for metal construction Further education professions - master craftsperson
  • 24493 Master craftsperson (m/f) for welding Further education professions - master craftsperson
  • 26112 Mechatronic (m/f) Training professions - dual system
  • 26112 Technical assistant (m/f) - mechatronics Training professions - vocational school
  • 26113 Skilled worker (m/f) - mechatronic systems Further education professions - others
  • 26113 Mechatronics (bachelor) studies - basic
  • 26113 Technician (m/f) - mechanical engineering (mechatronics) Further education professions-technician
  • 26122 Electronics technician (m/f) - automation technology (crafts) Training professions - dual system
  • 26122 Electronics technician (m/f) - automation technology Training professions - dual system
  • 26122 Industrial technologist (m/f) - automation technology (manufacturing) Training professions - upper secondary leaving certificate (Abitur)
  • 26123 Automation technology (bachelor) studies - basic
  • 26123 robotics, autonomous systems (bachelor) studies - basic
  • 26123 Technician (m/f) - electrical engineering (automation technology) Further education professions- technician
  • 26212 construction electrician (m/f) Access through different training professions
  • 26212 Lightning protection technician (m/f) Access through different training professions
  • 26212 Electrically skilled person for specified tasks (m/f) Further education professions - others
  • 26212 Electronics technician (m/f) - energy and building technology Training professions - dual system
  • 26212 Electronics technician (m/f) - building and infrastructure Training professions - dual system
  • 26212 Skilled practitioner (m/f) for electricians (Section 66 Vocational Training Act (BBiG)/ Section 42m Crafts Code (HwO) Training professions - rehab
  • 26222 Electronics technician (m/f) - machine and drive technology Training professions - dual system
  • 26252 Electronics technician (m/f)- industrial engineering Training professions - dual system
  • 26252 Electronics technician (m/f) - industrial engineering (power switching and control systems - Access through different training
  • 26252 Electronics technician (m/f) - test facility Professions with different paths of access
  • 26252 Electronics technician (m/f) (crafts) Training professions - dual system
  • 26252 Industrial electrician (m/f) Training professions - dual system
  • 26252 Industrial electrician (m/f) - industrial engineering Training professions - dual system
  • 26262 Electronic systems technician (m/f) Training professions - dual system
  • 26262 cable fitter (long-distance, power transmission and overhead line construction Access through different training professions
  • 26303 Electrical Engineering (Bachelor) Studies - undergraduate
  • 26303 Project technician (m/f) (electrical) Professions with different paths of access
  • 26303 Process manager (m/f) - electrical engineering Further education professions - others
  • 26303 Technician - electrical engineering (no specialisation) Further education professions - technician
  • 26393 Master craftsperson (m/f) for electrical engineering Further education professions - master
  • 26393 Industrial master craftsperson (m/f) - electrical engineering Further education professions - master
  • 26393 Master craftsperson (m/f) for information technology Further education professions - master craftsperson
  • 32103 Technician (m/f) - construction technology (building construction) Further education professions - technician
  • 32113 Technician (m/f) - construction technology (concrete construction) Further education professions - technician
  • 32123 Mason (m/f) - restorations Further education professions - others
  • 32123 Restorer (m/f) - masonry Further education professions - others
  • 32193 Master roofer (m/f) Further education professions - master craftsperson
  • 32193 Master scaffolder (m/f) Further education professions - master craftsperson
  • 32193 Scaffolding foreman/woman Further education professions - others
  • 32193 Master craftsperson (m/f) for masonry and concrete construction Further education professions - master craftsperson
  • 32193 Foreman/woman Further education professions - master craftsperson
  • 32193 Foreman/woman - building construction Further education professions - master craftsperson
  • 32193 Site foreman/woman Further education professions - others
  • 32193 Site foreman/woman - building construction Further education professions - others
  • 34202 construction plumber (m/f) Access through different training professions
  • 34202 Insulation plumber (m/f) Access through different training professions
  • 34202 Plumber (m/f) Training professions - dual system
  • 34212 Plant mechanic (m/f) - sanitary, heating and airtechnology-conditioning Training professions - dual system
  • 34212 Skilled practitioner (m/f) for plant mechanics of plumbing, heating and air conditioning (SHK) (Section 66 Vocational Training Act (BBiG)/Section 42m Crafts Code (HwO)) Training professions – rehab
  • 34212 Plumber and installer (m/f) Professions with different paths of access
  • 34213 Technician (m/f) - heating, ventilation and air-conditioning technology Further education professions technician
  • 34213 Technician (m/f) - sanitary engineering Further education professions technician
  • 34232 cooling house attendant (m/f) Access through different training professions
  • 34232 Mechatronics engineer (m/f) - refrigeration technology Training professions - dual system
  • 34293 Supervising fitter (m/f) Professions with different paths of access
  • 34293 Operations manager (m/f) - plumbing and heating technology Further education professions - business administration, clerical
  • 34293 Master craftsperson (m/f) for installation and heating systems Further education professions - master craftsperson
  • 34293 Master craftsperson (m/f) for refrigeration systems Further education professions - master craftsperson
  • 34293 Master plumber (m/f) Further education professions - master craftsperson
  • 34293 Master craftsperson (m/f) for oven and air heating systems Further education professions - master craftsperson
  • 43413 ERP applications developer (m/f) Professions with different paths of access
  • 43413 IT solutions developer (m/f) Further education professions - others
  • 43413 Software technology (undergraduate) Studies - undergraduate
  •  
  • 43413 System programmer (m/f) Professions with different paths of access
  • 43423 Organisation programmer (m/f) Professions with different paths of access
  • 43423 Programmer (m/f) Professions with different paths of access
  • 51113 Wagon technician (m/f) (railway traffic) Professions with different paths of access
  • 51522 Railway worker (m/f) - operations Training professions - dual
  • 51522 Railway worker (m/f) - operations - infrastructure Training professions - dual
  • 52202 railway worker (m/f) - operations - engine driver and transportation Training professions - dual system
  • 81302 Health and paediatric nurse (m/f) Training professions - vocational school
  • 81302 Health and nursing professional (m/f) Training professions - vocational school
  • 81302 night watch - nursing Access through different training
  • 81313 Specialist nurse (m/f) Further education professions - others
  • 81313 Specialist nurse (m/f) - intensive care/anaesthetics Further education professions - others
  • 81313 Specialist nurse (m/f) - clinical geriatrics Further education professions - others
  • 81313 Specialist nurse (m/f) - nephrology Further education professions - others
  • 81313 Specialist nurse (m/f) - oncology Further education professions - others
  • 81313 Specialist nurse (m/f) - operation/endoscopic surgery Further education professions - others
  • 81313 Specialist nurse (m/f) - palliative/hospice care Further education professions - others
  • 81313 Specialist nurse (m/f) - psychiatry Further education professions - others
  • 81313 Specialist nurse (m/f) - rehabilitation/long-term care Further education professions - others
  • 81332 Anaesthesia assistant (m/f) Training professions - vocational school
  • 81332 Surgical technologist (m/f) Training professions - dual system
  • 81332 Surgical technology assistant (m/f) Training professions - vocational school
  • 82102 Geriatric nurse (m/f) Training professions - vocational school
  • 82182 Ambulatory nurse (m/f) Access through different training professions
  • 82183 Skilled geriatric nurse (m/f) - clinical geriatrics/rehabilitation Further education professions - others
  • 82183 Skilled geriatric nurse (m/f) - oncology Further education professions - others
  • 82183 Skilled geriatric nurse (m/f) - palliative and hospice care Further education professions - others
  • 82183 Skilled geriatric nurse (m/f) - psychiatrics Further education professions - others
  • 82512 Mechanic for orthopedic technology (m/f) Training professions - dual
  • 82532 Hearing aid acoustician (m/f) Training professions - dual
  • 82513 Orthopedic, rehabilitation engineering (Bachelor) Studies - undergraduate
  • 82593 Master hearing aid acoustician (m/f) Further education professions - master craftsperson
  • 82593 Master orthopedic technician (m/f) Further education professions - master craftsperson

About the Author

Crispin Aranda

Crispin Aranda

Crispin R. Aranda is an established International Visa Conselor and Immigrant Advocate. He is the president of IVC and is in several migration radio programs.

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