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The latest immigration and visa news for the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Ireland, and select European countries - straight from the leading immigrant advocates in the Philippines.

Filipino Migration to Australia 2017

The latest country profile of the Philippines shows 265,800 Filipino-born people were living in Australia, more than three-quarters from 30 June 2007. Filipinos are the fifth largest migrant community in Australia, equivalent to 3.7 per cent of Australia’s overseas-born population and 1.1 per cent of Australia’s total population.

Crispin Aranda

Filipino Migration to Australia 2017

Country profile – Philippines 2017 from the Department of Home Affairs Website

Population 

At the end of June 2017, 265,800 Filipino-born people were living in Australia, more than three-quarters (75.8 per cent) the number at 30 June 2007. This is the fifth largest migrant community in Australia, equivalent to 3.7 per cent of Australia’s overseas-born population and 1.1 per cent of Australia’s total population.

For Australia’s Filipino-born migrants: 

  • The median age of 39.6 years was 2.4 years above that of the general population.
  • Females outnumbered males—60.9 per cent compared with 39.1 per cent. 1

1 Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Migration Australia (catalogue no. 3412.0)

Permanent migration

Australia's permanent Migration Program incorporates economic and family migration and is the main pathway to permanent residence. It includes the Skill stream, Family stream and Special Eligibility visas. The only other way to obtain permanent residence is on humanitarian grounds. 

Skill stream visas

The Skill stream is designed for workers with the skills, qualifications and entrepreneurship most needed in the Australian economy. The Skill stream comprises four components; namely: Points Tested Skilled Migration; Employer Sponsored; Business Innovation and Investment; and Distinguished Talent.

Family and Child stream visas

The Family stream allows the permanent migration of close family members, of Australian citizens, permanent residents, and eligible New Zealand citizens. It focuses on partners and parents, but also provides the opportunity for additional family members, such as aged dependent relatives, carers, remaining relatives and orphan relatives, to join their family in Australia.

Child visas allow the permanent migration of children, of Australian citizens, permanent residents, and eligible New Zealand citizens. The Child visa comprises two categories, namely Child and Adoption visas.

Special Eligibility visas

Special Eligibility visas allow former residents and certain people who served in the Australian Defence Force to live in Australia as permanent residents.

The following table shows the size and composition of Skill stream, Family stream, Special Eligibility and Child visas from the Philippines.

Table 1: Permanent migrant places granted, 2014—15 to 2017—18

Migration category

2014—15

2015—16

2016—17

2017—18

Per cent change on 2016—17

Per cent change since 2014—15

Skilled migration (points tested)

Skilled Regional

258

223

116

76

-34.5

-70.5

Skilled Independent

2,107

2,402

2,596

1,910

-26.4

-9.3

State/Territory Nominated

1,113

1,181

1,040

1,397

34.3

25.5

 

Skilled migration (non-points tested)

Business Innovation and Investment

< 5

< 5

13

0

-100.0

-100.0

Distinguished Talent

< 5

0

0

0

n/a

-100.0

Employer Sponsored

4,640

4,181

4,558

3,474

-23.8

-25.1


Total: Skilled visa places granted

8,122

7,988

8,323

6,857

-17.6

-15.6

Skilled visas as a proportion of all permanent visas (%)

68.3

67.0

68.2

64.6

n/a

n/a

 

Family and Child migration

Child

447

446

474

473

-0.2

5.8

Partner

3,191

3,354

3,296

3,160

-4.1

-1.0

Parent

56

56

37

32

-13.5

-42.9

Other Family

43

35

46

67

45.7

55.8

Total: Family and Child visa places granted

3,737

3,891

3,853

3,732

-3.1

-0.1

Family and Child visas as a proportion of all permanent visas(%)

31.4

32.7

31.6

35.2

n/a

n/a

Special Eligibility

           

Special Eligibility

27

38

33

21

-36.4

-22.2

Total places granted

11,886

11,917

12,209

10,610

-13.1

-10.7

Source: Department of Home Affairs

Temporary migration

People can come to Australia for a temporary stay for a range of purposes, for example, visiting Australia for tourism or attending a conference, or for more specific purposes, such as medical treatment, study, skilled work, working holidays or other specialist activities. There are six main categories of temporary residents, which can cover stays of more than three months in Australia.

Visitor visas

Visitor visas are mostly used by people visiting Australia for holidays, tourism and recreation, or to see family and friends. People may also use Visitor visas for certain short-term business activities that do not entail working in Australia.

Working Holiday Maker Program

The Working Holiday Maker Program allows young adults to have an extended holiday and engage in short-term work and study.

Student visa

The Student visa program enables international students to come to Australia to study full-time in a registered course.

Temporary Resident (Skilled) visa

Allows a business to sponsor a skilled overseas worker if they cannot find an appropriately skilled Australian citizen or permanent resident to fill a skilled position.

Other temporary visas

Other temporary visas include visas that allow people to undertake short-term, non-ongoing highly specialised work, enrich social and cultural development, strengthen international relations or provide training opportunities of benefit to Australia.

New Zealand citizens

Under the 1973 Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement, New Zealand citizens can enter and leave Australia freely and live in Australia indefinitely on grant of a Special Category visa (subclass 444).

Not all categories apply to migrants from the Philippines. The following table shows the number of visa grants to migrants from the Philippines, for the Student visa program, Temporary Resident (Skilled) visa and Visitor visas.

Table 2: Temporary visas granted by selected categories, 2014—15 to 2017—18

Temporary visa category

2014—15

2015—16

2016—17

2017—18

Per cent change on 2016—17

Per cent change since 2014—15

International Students

ELICOS 1

31

14

26

40

53.8

29.0

Schools

34

53

39

36

-7.7

5.9

Vocational Education and Training

2,697

2,271

2,363

2,857

20.9

5.9

Higher Education

2,778

2,816

2,294

2,446

6.6

-12.0

Postgraduate Research

70

72

71

86

21.1

22.9

Non-Award

65

74

77

80

3.9

23.1

Foreign Affairs or Defence

316

268

290

277

-4.5

-12.3

Total: International Student visa grants

5,991

5,568

5,160

5,822

12.8

-2.8

Temporary Resident (Skilled) visa grants 2

5,084

4,832

5,373

4,067

-24.3

-20.0

Visitors

Tourist

45,588

59,699

77,364

85,687

10.8

88.0

Business visitor

7,231

7,925

9,068

11,164

23.1

54.4

Total: Visitor visa grants

52,819

67,624

86,432

96,851

12.1

83.4

Other temporary visa grants 3

4,497

5,512

5,384

4,702

-12.7

4.6

Total temporary visa grants

68,391

83,536

102,349

111,442

8.9

62.9

Source: Department of Home Affairs

1 English Language Intensive Course for Overseas Students (ELICOS).

2 Data excludes Temporary Work (Skilled) (Independent Executive) visa.

3 Excludes Transit visa (subclass 771), Border visa (subclass 773) and Maritime Crew visa (subclass 988).

Main occupations

The following table shows the main occupations for nationals of the Philippines, based on Skill stream migration outcomes and Temporary Resident (Skilled) visa grants.

Table 3: Main occupations, 2014–15 to 2017–18

Period

Temporary Resident (Skilled) visa 1

No. of migrants

Skill stream migration

No. of migrants

2017—18

 

Registered nurses

411

Registered nurses

913

 

Motor mechanics

379

Software and applications programmers

174

 

Cooks

183

Structural steel and welding trades workers

134

 

Structural steel and welding trades workers

165

Motor mechanics

114

 

Software and applications programmers

113

Accountants

93

 

Skilled meat worker

90

Cooks

66

 

Panelbeaters

77

ICT business and systems analysts

65

 

ICT business and systems analysts

54

Architectural, building and surveying technicians

52

 

Chefs

53

Civil engineering professionals

47

 

Metal fitters and machinists

50

Industrial, mechanical and production engineers

46

2016—17

 

Registered nurses

316

Registered nurses

985

 

Motor mechanics

302

Software and applications programmers

218

 

Structural steel and welding trades workers

183

Motor mechanics

148

 

Skilled meat worker

160

Cooks

95

 

Software and applications programmers

157

Accountants

84

 

Cooks

133

ICT business and systems analysts

78

 

Panelbeaters

132

Industrial, mechanical and production engineers

64

 

Other construction and mining labourers

93

Computer network professionals

63

 

Livestock farmers

72

Civil engineering professionals

56

 

Vehicle painters

59

Meat boners and slicers, and slaughterers

56

2015—16

 

Registered nurses

314

Registered nurses

986

 

Structural steel and welding trades workers

169

Motor mechanics

224

 

Software and applications programmers

144

Software and applications programmers

219

 

Motor mechanics

125

Accountants

117

 

Skilled meat worker

124

Cooks

111

 

Cooks

94

Industrial, mechanical and production engineers

96

 

Livestock farmers

70

ICT business and systems analysts

66

 

Marine transport professionals

59

Computer network professionals

65

 

Vehicle painters

45

Metal fitters and machinists

65

 

Sheetmetal trades workers

44

Chefs

56

2014—15

 

Registered nurses

271

Registered nurses

1,044

 

Structural steel and welding trades workers

185

Motor mechanics

231

 

Skilled meat worker

164

Accountants

116

 

Motor mechanics

110

ICT business and systems analysts

85

 

Software and applications programmers

100

Metal fitters and machinists

85

 

Cooks

96

Chefs

69

 

Livestock farmers

61

Mechanical engineering draftspersons and technicians

67

 

Marine transport professionals

60

Industrial, mechanical and production engineers

60

 

Mechanical engineering draftspersons and technicians

60

Computer network professionals

56

 

ICT business and systems analysts

48

Cooks

49

Source: Department of Home Affairs

1 Data excludes Temporary Work (Skilled) (Independent Executive) visa.

Note: Occupation level information is available for primary applicants only, and is based on Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations unit level data.

Geographic distribution

The following table shows the geographic distribution of migrants, based on permanent additions for the Skill and Family streams, international student visa grants, and Temporary Resident (Skilled) visa grants.

Table 4: Geographic distribution

Population

NSW

Vic.

Qld

SA

WA

Tas.

NT

ACT

 

Census 2016 (%)

Of all persons

32

25

20

7

11

2

1

2

 

Of Filipino-born

37

22

17

5

13

1

3

2

 

Permanent additions - 2017—18 (%)

Skill stream

33

22

14

5

18

0

5

3

 

Family and Child stream

26

19

24

7

17

1

4

2

 

Temporary visa grants - 2017—18 (%)

International student visa grants

39

28

16

6

6

1

2

2

 

Temporary Resident (Skilled) visa (primary) grants 1

44

22

14

3

11

1

4

2

 

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics and Department of Home Affairs

1 Data excludes Temporary Work (Skilled) (Independent Executive) visa.

Note: Permanent additions consist of two components; those persons who, while already in Australia on a temporary basis, are granted permanent residence status or those persons who have subsequently arrived from overseas during the reporting period and are entitled to stay permanently in Australia.

Country ranking

This table uses rankings to show the significance of Filipino migration for the past four financial years.

Table 5: Country ranking, 2014—15 to 2017—18

Ranked position of migrants

2014—15

2015—16

2016—17

2017—18

 

Population in Australia 1

5

5

5

5

 

Points Tested Skilled Migration

5

5

5

6

 

Employer Sponsored

3

3

3

3

 

Total Skill stream

4

4

4

4

 

Total Family and Child stream

4

4

4

3

 

International students

15

18

18

16

 

Temporary Resident (Skilled) visa 2

5

4

4

3

 

Visitors

16

15

15

15

 

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics and Department of Home Affairs

1 Population level data is by country of birth and lags one year behind the financial year specified. Data based on the estimated residential population at 30 June; 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017.

2 Data excludes Temporary Work (Skilled) (Independent Executive) visa.

 

Authors & Contributors

Crispin Aranda

Crispin Aranda

Crispin R. Aranda is an established International Visa Conselor and Immigrant Advocate. He is the president of IVC and is in several migration radio programs.

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