Canada Needs Transport Workers. How Do You Qualify?

News items citing a “report from the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) and the Asia Pacific Gateway Skills Tables (APGST) said “Canada is now in need of at least 36,000 workers for its transport sector.”

Apparently, the need will be more: 177,375 jobs in four transportation sectors across the four Western Canadian provinces, according to findings released July 12, 2016 from the Asia Pacific Gateway Corridor Labor Market Information Project, an initiative of the Asia Pacific Gateway Skills Table.”

CANADA NEEDS 359,375 WORKERS NOW

In addition, the Canadian Trucking Alliance listed 34 occupations in the Air, Logistics, Rail and Trucking sectors within the Asia Pacific Gateway Corridor – also referred to as Western Canada - consisting of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba.

The need and shortage are driven by increased trade activity between North America and Asia and “because many experienced workers are retiring while others are moving to other provinces.”

Occupations in the Transportation Sector

The Skilled Immigrant InfoCentre a public advocacy group for newcomers to British Columbia explains that the transportation industry is made of up numerous occupations, each with its own unique set of experience and training requirements. It includes the following sectors:

Occupations in greatest demand in BC are Class 1/AZ truck drivers and truck/trailer mechanics. Most jobs in the trucking sector (60%) are with firms that conduct short haul trips.

Employment by Occupation (Canada)

Occupation

2012

2017

2021

Truck Drivers (Class 1/AZ and 3/D)

174,500

196,200

209,200

Truck / Transport Mechanics

15,630

17,570

18,740

Transport Trailer Technician

6,150

6,910

7,370

Parts Technician

2,670

3,010

3,210

Shunt Drivers

48,060

54,030

57,610

Truck Cargo Workers

31,360

35,260

37,600

Trucking Dispatchers

12,850

14,450

15,400

Trucking Freight Claims

3,730

4,200

4,480

Trucking Foreman

12,740

14,330

15,280

Total

307,700

346,000

369,000

BC Employment Outlook – Selected Occupations: 2010-2020

Transportation Trades

2010

2020

Machinery and Transportation Equipment Mechanics

21,210

23,610

Automotive service technicians

25,110

28,710

Crane Operators, Drillers, and Blasters

2,170

2,380

Heavy Equipment Operators

13,700

15,270

Other Mechanics

3,940

4,440

The APGST report shows that Alberta will account for nearly half of the job growth of the corridor even as the province’s economic recovery begins in 2017.

Alberta suffered the costliest disaster in Canadian history which started May 1 southwest of Fort McMurray economic losses with the wildfires in Fort McMurray spreading across Northern Alberta and Saskatchewan. The fire destroyed 2,400 homes and buildings across approximately 590,000 hectares before it was declared under control on July 5, 2016.

The Insurance Bureau of Canada called the fires the costliest insured natural disaster in the Canada’s history, with claims jumping by $1.4-billion from the first quarter to the second.

By 2017,  APGST expects Alberta to begin experiencing some challenges sourcing workers, with increased difficulty fulfilling labor supply needs in 2018. British Columbia on the other hand while experiencing steady growth would be affected by “attrition due to retiring workers.”

To replace its aging workforce, British Columbia would have to rely “substantially” on international workers for the industries in need of skilled workers. The province to experience the slowest growth and low supply of workers, the report concluded would be Saskatchewan.

Manitoba’s Employment Outlook, Next 10 Years

The province’s labor demand in the next decade will need qualified applicants to fill 17,730 jobs. Of this number, 14% would be generated by Expansion and 86% by Replacement.  After peaking in 2019, job openings are expected to stay flat.

The sectors with the most number of positions to be filled are 6,130 in Air; 5,730 in Logistics; 6,535 in Rail and 8,215 in Trucking.  

The complete report of APGST can be viewed here - http://www.lmionline.ca/projects/apgc/?occupation=all-occupations#documents-list

Twenty five percent of the workers in the 34 occupations today will retire and leave the Manitoba labor market by the end of the forecast period; 67% of the New Supply will come from New Entrants; 20% of new workers will come from other countries.

Eight percent of new workers will choose to work and reside in other provinces instead of Manitoba will lose 8% of new workers to other provinces. Twenty-one percent of other workers in different occupations already in Manitoba will move to the 34 occupations in demand in Western Canada.

34 Occupations in Demand

  1. Air Pilots, Flight Engineers and Flying Instructors NOC 2271
  2. Aircraft Mechanics and Aircraft Inspectors NOC 7315     
  3. Automotive Service Technicians, Truck and Bus Mechanics and Mechanical Repairers NOC 7321
  4. Civil Engineering Technologists and Technicians NOC 2231  
  5. Civil Engineers NOC 2131            
  6. Construction Millwrights and Industrial Mechanics NOC 7311    
  7. Customs, Ship and Other Brokers NOC 1315     
  8. Dispatchers NOC 1525  
  9. Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technologists and Technicians NOC 2241
  10. Engineering Inspectors and Regulatory Officers NOC 2262          
  11. Facility Operation and Maintenance Managers NOC 0714     
  12. Industrial Electricians NOC 7242
  13. Industrial Instrument Technicians and Mechanics NOC 2243    
  14. Inspectors in Public & Environmental Health and Occupational Health & Safety NOC 2263            
  15. Machinists and Machining and Tooling Inspectors NOC 7231     
  16. Managers in Transportation NOC 0731               
  17. Material Handlers NOC 7452      
  18. Non-Destructive Testers and Inspection Technicians NOC 2261              
  19. Production Logistics Co-coordinators NOC 1523          
  20. Purchasing Agents and Officers NOC 1225     
  21. Purchasing and Inventory Control Workers NOC 1524        
  22. Purchasing Managers, NOC 1524
  23. Railway and Yard Locomotive Engineers NOC 7361      
  24. Railway Carmen/women NOC 7314              
  25. Railway Conductors and Brakemen/women NOC 7362    
  26. Railway Yard and Track Maintenance Workers NOC 7531        
  27. Retail and Wholesale Buyers NOC 6222              
  28. Senior Managers – Construction, Transportation, Production and Utilities NOC 0016          
  29. Shippers and Receivers NOC 1521              
  30. Supervisors, Motor Transport and Other Ground Transit Operators NOC 7305     
  31. Supervisors, Railway Transport Operations NOC 7304   
  32. Supervisors, Supply Chain, Tracking and Scheduling Co-ordination Occupations NOC 1215 
  33. Transportation Route and Crew Schedulers NOC 1526    
  34. Transport Truck Drivers NOC 7511               

For details on how to meet the standards of a specific occupation under NOC, you may click here - http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/immigrate/skilled/noc.asp

Express Entry Competitors

If your occupation is listed in the 34 occupations above, or you are employed in a transport sector in the Philippines, there are two main hurdles you would have to overcome.

  1. Express Entry.  It is Canadas new selection system for skilled workers (professionals and other occupations) launched in January 2015. This application management system was created to generate qualified applicants for Canada’s economic immigration programs including the Federal Skilled Worker Program, Federal Skilled Trades Program, Canadian Experience Class and a portion of the Provincial Nominee program.

Canadian employers in the sectors needing workers and provincial governments intending to replace retiring workers can tap the prequalified candidates in the Express Entry pool instead of recruiting overseas, paying thousands of dollars in placement fees for each applicant.

Second, international students are authorized to work in Canada without obtaining a work permit. Employers, provincial or federal government agencies that have immediate openings and need to interview qualified applicants need not even check the Express Entry pool. All they have to do is to post job vacancies in school boards and have face-to-face interviews with potential employees.

  1. Meeting Federal or Provincial Standards. While employers in various sectors need workers, they need workers with qualifications, credentials, and./or experience that compare with the Canadian counterpart. For example certain trades workers in Canada must meet the Red Seal standard. The Red Seal Program is the Canadian standard of excellence for skilled trades. Formally known as the Interprovincial Standards Red Seal Program, it sets common standards to assess the skills of tradespersons across Canada. Tradespersons who meet the Red Seal standards receive a Red Seal endorsement on their provincial/territorial trade certificates.

The number of Express Entry applicants invited to apply to the Provincial Nominee Program by Province or Territory show which provinces are the preferred destinations.

 

PNC Province/Territory

Number of candidates

British Columbia

1,528

Manitoba

110

New Brunswick

127

Newfoundland and Labrador

1

Nova Scotia

656

Northwest Territories

8

Ontario

871

Prince Edward Island

163

Saskatchewan

497

Grand Total

3,960

Thousands more jobs that Canada needs: 182,000 people to fill these IT positions by 2019

In a study funded by the Government of Canada’s Sectoral Initiatives Program, IT World Canada reported on December 12, 2015, updated March 19 this year that “Canada needs 182,000 people to fill positions for information systems analysts and consultants, computer and network operators, Web technicians, software engineers and others in by 2019.”

The reason?

“Skills mismatch, demand-supply imbalances, an aging workforce and other factors, creating a major technology shortage in the next five years.”

As with the needed workers in the transport and construction sectors, the same standards apply: candidates must meet the criteria set by employers, industry and immigration authorities.

To sum up: the news provides the tale.

We provide details.

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About the Author

Crispin Aranda

Crispin Aranda

Crispin R. Aranda is an established International Visa Conselor and Immigrant Advocate. He is the president of IVC and is in several migration radio programs.


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