Because both bills (of the House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate) eliminate the quota for employment-based immigrant visas. In addition, the per country quota would be more than doubled from 25,620 to more than 54,000.

Who are likely to benefit from this?  See the Visa Waiters in various categories, below.

 

Annual Numerical Limits, Family, FY-2012

Preference Foreign State Worldwide
F1 1,638 23,400
FX   65,950
F2A 6,151 21,984
F2B 1,838 26,266
F3 1,638 23,400
F4 4,555 65,000
TOTAL 15,820 226,000

Unused numbers can "fall down" from F1 to F2A to F2B to F3 to F4.

Unused F4 numbers can "fall up" to F1. This potential is taken into consideration when setting the monthly/annual targets for number use. Those targets are established based on the historical and current patterns of number use, and are adjusted as necessary.

 

Employment Limits, 2012

Preference China All Others Worldwide
E1 2,803 2,803 40,040
E2 2,803 2,803 40,040
E3/EW 2,503 2,803 40,040
E4/SR 691 696 9,940
E5 0 695 9,940

* The provisions of the Chinese Student Protection Act require that the China annual limit be reduced by 1,000. A total of 300 numbers are deducted from the E3 category, and 700 from the E5 category.

** The EW category is currently entitled to up to 5,000 of this total.

Unused numbers can "fall-down" from E1 to E2 to E3. Unused numbers can "fall-up" from E4 and E5 to E1. That fact is taken into consideration when setting the monthly/annual targets for number use. Those targets are established based on the historical and current patterns of number use, and are adjusted as necessary.

 

Immigrant Visa Waiting List, Nov. 2010 (US State Department)

Family Sponsored Increase/Decrease TOTAL 4,552,774 +35.1%



 

Employment Based

 Category     % of Change
 E1 3,601 2,961 -640 -17,8%
 E2 6,295 6,738 +443 +7.0%
 E3 Total 119,759 119,183 -576 -0.5%
 Skilled Workers 103,448 102,395 -1,053 -1.0%
 Other Workers 16,311 16,788 +477 +2.9%
 E4 529 554 +25 +4.7%
 E5 325 1,183 +858 +264.0%
130,509 +110  GRAND TOTAL 4,683,393 +33.8%

 

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