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Cost of Living & Salary Information For Canada

Wages and Salaries in Canada

Wages and Salaries in Canada

The federal jurisdiction includes labour market sectors coming under federal authority by virtue of the Constitution, such as international and interprovincial transportation, telecommunication and banking.  In most jurisdictions, these rates also apply to young workers although there is a special minimum wage rate for inexperienced employees. 

Current Minimum Hourly Wage Rates For Experienced Adult Workers in Canada (Canadian Dollar)

Jurisdiction Effective Date Hourly Wage Rate
Alberta 1-Oct-18 15.00
British Columbia 1-Jun-19 13.85
Manitoba 1-Oct-18 11.35
New Brunswick 1-Apr-18 11.25
New Foundland and Labrador 1-Apr-18 11.15
Northwest Territories 1-Apr-18 13.46
Nova Scotia 1-Apr-18 11.00
Nunavut 1-Apr-16 13.00
Ontario 1-Jan-18 14.00
Prince Edward Island 1-Apr-19 12.25
Quebec 1-May-19 12.10
Saskatchewan 1-Oct-18 11.06
Yukon* 1-Apr-18 11.51

* On April 1 of each year, this rate increases by an amount corresponding to the annual increase for the preceding year in the Consumer Price Index for the city of Whitehorse.

Source: Minimum Wage Database. Current And Forthcoming Minimum Hourly Wage Rates For Adult Workers in Canada. http://srv116.services.gc.ca/dimt-wid/sm-mw/rpt1.aspx Last Visited January 26, 2019

Current And Forthcoming Minimum Hourly Wage Rates For Young Workers and Specific Occupations (in CAD)

Unless specified otherwise, minimum wage rates for young workers are the same as for adult workers.

Jurisdiction Effective Date Wage Rate Note
Federal 18-Dec-1996   Workers under 17 years of age receive the same rate as the general adult rate in the province or territory where they work.
Alberta 1-Oct-18 598.00/week For commercial salespersons; automobile, truck or bus salespersons; mobile or residential home salespersons; farm machinery salespersons; construction equipment salespersons and commission salespersons who solicit orders for later delivery.
Alberta 1-Oct-18 2,848.00/month For domestic employees residing primarily in the employer's home.
British Columbia 01-Jan-19 - Crop harvesters employed on a piece rate basis and who hand harvest selected fruits, vegetables, berry crops, or daffodils. For instance, the rate for strawberries is $0.424 per pound and $0.201 per pound for brussels sprouts. The rates are based on gross volume or weight. The rate is $0.169 for a bunch of daffodils.
British Columbia 01-Jun-19 12.70/hour For liquor servers (employees whose primary duties are as a server of food or drink or both and who, as a regular part of their employment, serve liquor directly to customers in licensed premises.)
British Columbia 01-Jun-19 110.87/day For live-in camp leaders.
British Columbia 01-Jun-19 2,832.11/month For resident caretakers of a building of 61 or more residential suites. For an apartment building containing 9 to 60 residential suites the rate is $831.45 plus $33.32 per suite.
Manitoba 1-Oct-16 12.50/hour For licensed security guards.
New Brunswick 1-Jun-08 - Different minimum wage rates are set for employees engaged in government construction work (buildings, roads and bridges). Rates are based on occupational classification. For example, labourers are entitled to $12.63 per hour.
New Brunswick 1-Apr-12 440.00/week For counsellor and program staff who are employed at a residential summer camp by an employer that has notified the Director of employment standards in writing that it is a charitable organization or a not-for-profit organization.
New Brunswick 1-Apr-18 495.00/week For employees whose hours of work are unverifiable and who are not strictly remunerated by commission.
Nova Scotia 1-Apr-18 10.50/hour For inexperienced employees, i.e., a person who has not been employed for more than three months by any employer to do the work for which he/she is presently employed.
Nova Scotia 1-Apr-18 11.00/hour For employees employed in construction, property maintenance work and related activities.
Nova Scotia 1-Apr-19 11.05/hour For inexperienced employees, i.e., a person who has not been employed for more than three months by any employer to do the work for which he/she is presently employed.
Ontario 1-Jan-19 12.20/hour For employees who serve liquor in licensed establishments.
Ontario 1-Jan-19 13.15/hour Students under 18 employed up to 28 hours in a week, or during a school holiday
Ontario 1-Jan-19 15.40/hour For homeworkers. Rate based on 110% the general minimum wage rate.
Ontario 1-Jan-19 70.00/day For hunting and fishing guides working less than 5 hours in a day.
Ontario 1-Jan-19 140.00/day For hunting and fishing guides working 5 hours or more in a day.
Quebec 1-May-18 - For employees assigned mainly to non-mechanized operations relating to the picking of rasperberries or strawberries. The rates are established on the basis of yield ($0.95/kg of strawberries, $3.56/kg of raspberries).
Quebec 1-May-18 9.80/hour For employees who usually receive gratuities.
Yukon 1-Apr-18 - For employees engaged in government construction work. Rates are based on occupational classification. For example, the hourly rate for a general labourer is $24.12.

Source: Minimum Wage Database. Current And Forthcoming Minimum Hourly Wage Rates For Young Workers and Specific Occupations. http://srv116.services.gc.ca/dimt-wid/sm-mw/rpt3.aspx, Last Visited January 26, 2019.

Cost of Living in Canada

The following table shows a comparison of average living expenses (quoted in Canadian Dollar currency) across four Canadian cities to give you a glimpse on how much you would need to live in Canada.   

Expense * Vancouver Toronto Winnipeg Regina
Apartment, 1BR in City Centre 1,912.77 2,027.16 966.78 1,096.20
Apartment, 1BR outside of City Centre 1,482.95 1,585.50 889.86 960.59
Basic utilities e.g. electricity, heating, water, garbage for an 85 sq.m. apartment 78.47 164.34 156.87 206.42
Internet, 60Mbps or more, Unlimited Data, Cable/ADSL 76.07 67.91 74.25 67.55
Transportation, Monthly Pass Regular Price 95.00 146.24 100.10 92.00
Gasoline, 1 liter 1.54 1.29 1.16 1.15
Regular Milk, 1 liter 2.28 2.78 1.71 1.97
White Rice, 1 kg. 3.95 4.33 3.40 3.29
Loaf of Fresh White Bread, 500g 2.89 3.22 2.29 2.64
Eggs, 1 dozen 3.85 3.62 3.29 3.53
Chicken breasts, boneless and skinless 15.63 17.75 11.25 14.43
Beef round, 1kg, 15.02 22.13 10.17 15.26
Potato, 1 kg. 2.31 3.37 2.18 3.38
Tomato, 1 kg. 4.28 4.29 3.52 3.92
Banana, 1kg. 1.73 2.11 1.83 1.79
Water, 1.5 liter bottle 2.33 2.84 2.17 2.29
Domestic Beer, .5 liter bottle 2.69 2.87 2.02 3.04
Meal, inexpensive restaurant 15.00 20.00 15.00 15.00
McMeal at McDonalds (or equivalent Combo Meal) 10.00 11.00 9.60 9.50
Cappuccino, regular 4.32 4.35 3.89 4.42
Cinema, International Release 15.00 15.00 12.00 13.50
Pair of Levi jeans or similar 72.01 68.78 65.37 60.00
1 Summer Dress in a Chain Store e.g. Zara, H&M 42.96 48.36 38.95 49.11
Toyota Corolla 1.61 97kW Comfort or equivalent new car 23,518.92 23,968.14 23,847.19 24,754.38

 * All expenses are quoted in CAD as of Jan. 26, 2019.  Source of data is http://www.numbeo.com/ 

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