Immigrate or Study in the United States of America

A photo of the United States of America

Overview

With more than 3 million Filipino Americans in the United States - and approximately 60,000 immigrant visas every year - the United States is the major destination for Filipinos seeking temporary (working, student, visitor, investor) and permanent visa options (Family-sponsored and Employment-based.)

Wages & Salaries

2017 Highlights:

  • Nineteen states began the new year with higher minimum wages;
  • Seven states (Alaska, Florida, Missouri, Montana, New Jersey, Ohio and South Dakota) automatically increased their rates based on the cost of living;
  • Five states (Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Maine and Washington) increased their rates through ballot initiatives previously approved by voters;
  • Seven states (California, Connecticut, Hawaii, Massachusetts, Michigan, New York and Vermont) did so as a result of legislation passed in prior sessions; 
  • Washington D.C., Maryland and Oregon raises their respective minimum wages on July 1, 2017 due to previously enacted legislation. 
State Minimum Wage  Future Enacted Indexed Automatic
    Increases Annual Adjustments
 Alabama none - -
 Alaska $9.80 - Indexed annual increases begin Jan. 1, 2017. (2014 ballot measure)
 Arizona $10.00 $10.50 eff. 1-1-18
$11.00 eff. 1-1-19
$12.00 eff. 1-1-20
Rate increased annually based on cost of living. (Ballot measure 2006)
 Arkansas $8.50 - -
 California $10.50 $11.00 eff. 1-1-18
$12.00 eff. 1-1-19
$13.00 eff. 1-1-20
$14.00 eff. 1-1-21
$15.00 eff. 1-1-22
Indexed annual increases based on CPI begin Jan. 1, 2023
 Colorado $9.30 $10.20 eff. 1-1-18
$11.10 eff. 1-1-19
$12.00 eff. 1-1-20
Rate increasedannually based on cost of living beginning Jan 1, 2021 (2016 ballot measure)
 Connecticut $10.10 - -
 Delaware $8.25 - -
 D.C. $12.50 $13.25 eff. 7-1-18
$14.00 eff. 7-1-19
$15.00 eff. 7-1-20
Indexed annual increases based on CPI begin July 1, 2021
 Florida $8.10 - Annual increase based cost of living. (Constitutional amendment 2004)
 Georgia $5.15 - -
 Guam $8.25 - -
 Hawaii $9.25 $10.10 eff. 1-1-18 -
 Idaho $7.25 - -
 Illinois $8.25 - -
 Indiana $7.25 - -
 Iowa $7.25 - -
 Kansas $7.25 - -
 Kentucky $7.25 - -
 Louisiana none - -
 Maine $9.00 $10.00 eff. 1-1-18
$11.00 eff. 1-1-19
$12.00 eff. 1-1-20
Indexed annual increases based on CPI begin Jan 1, 2021
 Maryland $9.25 $10.10 eff. 7-1-18 -
Massachusetts $11.00 - -
 Michigan $8.90 $9.25 eff. 1-1-18 Annual increases take effect Jan. 1, 2019, linked to the CPI. Increases not to exceed 3.5%. (2014 Legislation)
Minnesota $9,50/$7.75 - -
 Mississippi none - -
 Missouri $7.70 - Minimum wage increased or decreased by cost of living starting Jan. 1, 2008. (2006 ballot measure)
 Montana $8.25/$4.00 - Increases done annually based on the CPI and effective Jan. 1 of the following year. (2006 ballot measure)
 Nebraska $9.00 - -
 Nevada $8.25/$7.25 - Increases subject to the federal minimum wage and consumer price index. Increases take effect July 1. (Constitutional amendment 2004/2006). 
 New Hampshire repealed by HB 133 (2011) - -
 New Jersey $8.44 - Indexed annual increases based on the CPI, effective Jan. 1, 2014. (Constitutional Amendment 2013)
 New Mexico $7.50 - -
 New York $9.70

$10.40 eff. 12-31-17
$11.10 eff. 12-31-18
$11.80 eff. 12-31-19
$12.50 eff. 12-31-20
After 12-31-20, the rate is adjusted annually for inflation until it reaches $15.00

-
 North Carolina $7.25 - -
 North Dakota $7.25 - -
 Ohio $8.15/$7.25 - Indexed annual increases based on the CPI. (Constitutional amendment 2006).
 Oklahoma $7.25/$2.00 - -
 Oregon $10.25 $10.75 eff. 7-1-18
$11.25 eff. 7-1-19
$12 eff. 7-1-20
$12.75 eff. 7-1-21
$13.50 eff. 7-1-22
Indexed annual increases based on the CPI are effective July 1, 2023 (2016 legislation). 
 Pennsylvania $7.25 - -
 Rhode Island $9.60 $10.10 eff. 1-1-18
$10.50 eff. 1-1-19
-
 South Carolina none - -
 South Dakota $8.65 - Annual indexed increases begin Jan. 1, 2016. (2014 ballot measure.)
 Tennessee none - -
 Texas $7.25 - -
 Utah $7.25 - -
 Vermont $10.00 $10.50 eff. 1-1-18 Beginning Jan. 1, 2019, minimum wage increased annually by 5% or the CPI, whichever is smaller; it cannot decrease. Note: Vermont started indexing in 2007 but enacted additional increases in 2014. (2014 legislation)
 Virginia $7.25 - -
 Washington $11.00 $11.50 eff. 1-1-2018
$12.00 eff. 1-1-2019
$13.50 eff. 1-1-2020
Annual indexed increases began Jan. 1, 2020. (ballot measure 2016)
 West Virginia $8.75 - -
 Wisconsin $7.25 - -
 Wyoming $5.15 - -

 

Source: National Conference of State Legislatures.  http://www.ncsl.org/research/labor-and-employment/state-minimum-wage-chart.aspx.  Last Visited November 9, 2017

Cost of Living

 The following table shows a comparison of average living expenses (quoted in US Dollar currency) across four cities in the United States of America to give you a glimpse on how much you would need to live in various parts of the country:  

Expense * Chicago New York City  Los Angeles Dallas
Apartment, 1BR in City Centre 1,783.56 3,065.02 1,988.75 1,286.08
Apartment, 1BR outside of City Centre 1,125.05 1,876.42 1,503.66 921.15
Basic utilities e.g. electricity, heating, water, garbage for an 85 sq.m. apartment 123.18 125.16 125.19 135.31
Internet, 10Mbps, Unlimited Data, Cable/ADSL 55.70 58.70 54.62 52.21
Transportation, Monthly Pass not unlimited 100.00 121.00 100.00 80.00
Gasoline, 1 liter 0.73 0.70 0.80 0.57
Regular Milk, 1 liter 0.81 1.06 1.05 0.65
White Rice, 1 kg. 4.23 7.20 4.64 3.47
Loaf of Fresh White Bread, 500g 2.44 3.19 3.01 2.02
Eggs, 1 dozen 2.06 3.06 3.02 1.89
Chicken breasts, boneless and skinless, 1 kg 10.17 10.81 10.04 6.22
Beef round, 1kg, 10.94 14.99 12.99 10.88
Potato, 1 kg. 1.83 2.92 2.66 1.73
Tomato, 1 kg. 3.22 5.03 3.90 2.70
Banana, 1kg. 1.56 2.47 2.45 1.21
Water, 1.5 liter bottle 1.90 2.33 1.85 1.78
Domestic Beer, .5 liter bottle 1.58 2.54 2.39 1.93
Meal, inexpensive restaurant 15.00 20.00 15.00 12.00
McMeal at McDonalds (or equivalent Combo Meal) 7.00 8.00 7.90 7.00
Cappuccino, regular 3.88 4.23 4.10 3.91
Cinema, International Release 12.75 15.00 15.00 10.00
Pair of Levi jeans or similar 48.44 53.18 46.70 41.12
1 Summer Dress in a Chain Store e.g. Zara, H&M 36.74 43.15 39.30 39.50
Toyota Corolla 1.6l 97kW Comfort (Or Equivalent New Car) 21,084.77 19,939.87 20,660.07 17,937.14

  

* All expenses are quoted in US Dollar currency as of Nov 9, 2017.  Source of data is http://www.numbeo.com/ 

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